Healthy Eating Guides

Stay Healthy

Food
22. Nov 2021
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Healthy Eating Guides

Eating a healthy, balanced diet is one of the most important things you can do to protect your health.

In fact, up to 80% of premature heart disease and stroke can be prevented through your life choices and habits, such as eating a healthy diet and being physically active.

A healthy diet can help lower your risk of heart disease and stroke by:

  • improving your body cholesterol levels

 

  • reducing your blood pressure

 

  • helping you manage your body weight

 

  • controlling your blood sugar.

 

What does a healthy, balanced diet look like?

 

 

1. Eating lots of vegetables and fruit

  • This is one of the most important diet habits. Fruits and Vegetables are packed with nutrients (antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and fibre) and help you maintain a healthy weight by keeping you full longer.
  • Fill half your plate with vegetables and fruit at every meal and snack.

2. Choosing whole grain foods

  • Whole  grain foods include whole grain bread (Whole Wheat), Whole Wheat buns, roller meal, as well as non refined foods. They are prepared using the entire grain. Whole grain foods have fibre, protein and B vitamins to help you stay healthy and full longer.

 

  • Choose whole grain options instead of processed or refined grains like white bread and pasta.

 

  • Fill a quarter of your plate with whole grain foods.

3. Eating protein foods

  • Protein  foods include legumes(beans etc), nuts, seeds, fish, and eggs

 

  • Protein helps build and maintain bones, muscles and skin.

 

  • Eat protein every day.

 

  • Try to eat at least two servings of fish each week, and choose plant-based foods more often.

 

  • Dairy products are a great source of protein. Choose lower fat, unflavoured options.

 

  • Fill a quarter of your plate with protein foods.

 

4. Limiting highly and ultra-processed foods

  • Highly processed foods are foods that are changed from their original food source and have many added ingredients. During processing, often important nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and fiber are removed while salt and sugar are added.  Examples of processed food include: fast foods, hot dogs, chips, cookies, frozen pizzas, deli meats, white rice and white bread.

 

  • Some minimally processed foods are okay. These are foods that are slightly changed in some way but contain few industrially made additives. Minimally processed foods keep almost all of their essential nutrients. We are not referring to these minimally processed foods when we are advising you not to eat processed foods.

 

5. Making water your drink of choice

  • Water supports health and promotes hydration without adding calories to the diet. 

 

  • Sugary drinks including energy drinks, fruit drinks, 100% fruit juice, soft drinks and flavored coffees have lots of sugar and little to no nutritional value. It is easy to drink empty calories without realizing, and this leads to weight gain.

 

  • Avoid fruit juice, even when it is 100% fruit juice. Although fruit juice has some of the benefits of the fruit (vitamins, minerals), it has more sugar than the fruit and less fiber. Fruit juice should not be consumed as alternative to fruits. Eat your fruits do not drink them.

 

  • When safe drinking water is not available, quench your thirst with coffee, tea, unsweetened lower-fat milk, and previously boiled water.

 

6. Excercise, Excercise, Excercise

After all has been said remember to watch your weight and excercise regularly, this keeps your body in shape and reduces chances of regularly visiting the doctor.

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